List of terrorist incidents, 1978
The following is a timeline of acts and failed attempts that can be considered non-state terrorism in 1978.
- Israel: Members of the Arab Revolutionary Council poison Israeli oranges with mercury, injuring at least twelve people and reducing exports by 40 percent.
- United States, 1978–1995: The Unabomber kills three and injures 29 in a string of anti-technology bombings.
- Italy, January 7: A leftist terrorist group attacked the office of Italian Social Movement in Rome, Italy, killing three people.
- Australia, February 13: Hilton bombing: A bomb is detonated outside the Commonwealth Heads of Government Regional Meeting in Sydney, killing two people. Three Ananda Marga members are later arrested and jailed for the attack, but later released due to lack of proof.
- United Kingdom, February 17: The IRA kill twelve people in the La Mon Restaurant Bombing.
- Netherlands, March: Members of the RMS movement occupy a provincial office in Assen. 67 persons were held hostage, one official was killed on the spot, another died of injuries a month later.
- Israel, March 11: Coastal Road massacre: Fatah gunmen killed several tourists and hijack a bus near Haifa; 37 Israelis on the bus are killed.
- Italy, March 16 – May 9: The Red Brigades kidnap the Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro (killing 5 policemen) and assassinate him 55 days later.
Lebanon, August 13: A bomb destroys an office building in West Beirut housing the headquarter of the Palestine Liberation Front, killing more than 175 people and injuring another 80. The bombing was allegedly carried out by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – General Command.